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Wednesday, July 18, 2018
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Querying a Modbus Slave with an Arduino
Having trouble trying to query a Modbus slave with an Arduino through RS485

Having some troubles trying to query a modbus slave with an Arduino through RS485. I've already succeeded in querying a software modbus slave running on my PC through the USB/COM port using the ModbusMaster library, hence it shouldn't be a software issue.

I read about TTL and level conversions, and I put on a circuit like this on a breadboard:
https://i.stack.imgur.com/Ff8Vo.png

Using the same firmware/sketch that worked for the software slave, I connected the arduino pin TX and RX to the max485, and A and B to the Modbus slave and I issued several requests.

I can see the signals converted by the MAX485(http://www.kynix.com/Detail/240679/MAX485.html) (CPA1114) though the oscilloscope and it seems to be right. The led on the Modbus slave lights on as it sees a modbus transaction. Still, what I read as result of the request is always 0xE0 (invalid slave id) or 0xE2 (timeout).

I queried the slave with the same equal request using another tool (a RS485/USB converter and CAS Modbus Scanner), and it gives the expected results, that is data 0x01.

This is the code I'm running on an Arduino Ethernet (with a display for debug purpose):


#include <ModbusMaster.h>
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 4, 5, 6, 7);

ModbusMaster node(1);

void setup() {

pinMode(3, OUTPUT);
node.begin(19200);
lcd.begin(16, 2);

}

void loop() {

uint16_t m_startAddress=1;
uint8_t m_length=1;
uint8_t result;

digitalWrite(3, HIGH); // TX
result = node.readHoldingRegisters(m_startAddress, m_length);

lcd.clear();

if (result == node.ku8MBSuccess) {
lcd.print("DATA:");
digitalWrite(3, LOW); // RX
for (uint8_t j = 0; j < m_length; j++) lcd.print( node.getResponseBuffer(j), HEX );
} else {
lcd.print("ERR ");
lcd.print(result, HEX);
}

delay(500);

}


Arduino request signal:https://i.stack.imgur.com/xzL0s.png
USB/RS485 converter signal:https://i.stack.imgur.com/kqkRW.png
Overlap of the two signals:https://i.stack.imgur.com/ydwQd.png